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How to prepare for board exam 2021

Class 12 boards during the lockdown

From the starting of lockdown in India due to COVID 19 pandemic the way forward with the functioning of educational institutions and the conduction of exams were in debates. Later on, we realized that going online is the only option left in such an uninvited global situation. Class 12 exam happened as per the instructions trying to follow all safety measures. Thus 2020 board students were able to complete their examinations against all the odds that came up.

12th board exam 2021

Now it is time to focus on 12th boards 2021. During the pandemic and lockdown, online learning has emerged as one of the popular alternatives to regular classes. Most of the teachers in many schools and coaching centres are teaching online. It is a good opportunity for students because online means you will also find more educators besides school teachers. More than anything, students need to understand that self- study is the key now, and how you utilize this time can decide many things in future. It’s important to note that this downtime is when you can cover most of your syllabus, without the added headache of extra travelling for classes or even dressing up for school.

12th board exam 2021 syllabus

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has revised the curriculum for class 12 on July 7. Union HRD minister Ramesh Pokhriyal tweeted about the syllabus cuts and announced the circular of the revised syllabus for the academic year 2020-21. Class 12 students should make sure they go through the revised syllabus thoroughly and be well aware of the topics they need to cover for 2021 board exams.

Students might be having a lot of queries regarding this. Is there anything to worry about? Will 2021 boards be easy? Is this new situation going to affect my scores? How to cope up with these online studies? How to prepare for boards 2021? and so on. You need to understand one thing: there is a reduction in the syllabus, which is always a good thing. There is plenty of time to prepare for reduced syllabus, so relax, chalk out your time-table and start preparation.

Before going to the aspects of preparing for boards in 2021, let us see how to approach some of the subjects.

Physics: In physics, the main task is to get all your concepts thorough. It will help you score in the one mark questions. Make sure that you go through everything in the NCERT textbook and solve every numerical in it. Remember, NCERT is everything. Rest of the materials are additional. Try to understand the derivations rather than mugging them.

Chemistry: For chemistry, NCERT is God. Go through the chapters very thoroughly. For physical chemistry, NCERT problems are more than enough. For organic, read each chapter multiple times to understand and get it thorough. Practice books like Arihant for Previous Year Questions.

Maths: Maths also make sure that you complete NCERT before going to anything. Then you can solve some standard books like RD Sharma or KC Sinha as they have level problems in them with the theoretical explanation. Do not forget to mark all such questions which you find difficult to solve at once. During exams, you can go only through those questions.

Biology: Learn NCERT thoroughly. In biology, make sure you learn all the terms by heart and understand different phenomenons thoroughly. If you are planning to give competitive exams after 12th, solve as many question papers as you can.

Accountancy: Read the book thoroughly and have conceptual clarity. You should know what you are doing and why you are doing. Prepare hand notes so that you can easily and quickly revise from it. Your calculations should be perfect and you should remember the formulas by heart. Solve practical questions of accounts from the textbook and if time left then also try some other book.

Business Studies: Business studies is a theory-based subject, along with some numerical. Most of the parts are similar and related to each other. Read the book thoroughly. Prepare the notes and mark the important topics.

Economics: Economics is reality-based and market-related subject. Read all the theories along with the diagrams which are very important to score better. Focus on the numerical also. There are two books in economics, micro and macro. Micro is comparatively easy to learn but macro takes some time to understand. so divide time accordingly while studying.

English: Unlike other subjects, you won’t be studying English throughout the year. So make sure that you pay attention to the lectures and try to read about it as soon as it ends. Also, make sure you give the class tests properly and practice writing skills thoroughly to manage the time.

History: The only way to prepare History is, to memorize important periods, events, names, and dates of different historical episodes. Keep revising the topics regularly. Discuss history with friends regularly for better memory. Watch related TV movies, programs, documents, etc. related to historical events to make it interesting.

Geography: In Geography, avoid writing long answers and go for pinpoint answers. Prioritize your topics according to mark weightage. Solve sample papers of geography as much as possible. Practice questions related to maps.

Sociology: In sociology, continuous revision is needed. It is not a one day task. Prepare for the subject well in advance. Do not mug up the answers, try and understand them. To avoid any sort of confusion just stick to one source either CBSE books or NCERT books.

Psychology: Have an idea about the difficult topics and your time management should be in a way that these topics are covered in advance. Read regularly and prepare for the test frequently. Try and relate the study material with real-life examples as understanding the concept is more important than blindly mugging up. Practice the diagrams as they help to score marks during exams.

Political Science: Be up to date with the topics covered in the class. After class, just have a glance at whatever was taught. This will help in reducing the exam pressure. Polish the learning regularly and try to do mock tests.

Keep on solving previous year questions chapter wise, for that you can refer to Arihant publication book. Do not wait to solve it in the end when exams are near.

Preparation tips for class 12 board exam

Here are some tips to effective online classes for boards and to reduce peer pressure.

Step 1: Know the Weightage of each unit of every Subject

Students must know the weightage of each unit. Based on that they can give more time to those units which carry more marks. Along with this students must also be well versed with the exam and CBSE Class 12 Syllabus. It will give them an idea of question paper patterns and help them in keeping track of how much they have covered in the syllabus.

Step 2: Make a list of topics you want to study

Before going for online learning, check the Syllabus and select the chapters and topics to be studied. These can be topics that need to be covered and according to your understanding of the topic. After that, set a time table or study plan to prepare those topics which include time for watching videos, making notes & solving questions.

Step 3: Make a study plan

Place it on your study table or somewhere visible. You can also set reminders on your phone. Make a weekly or monthly timeline of what you will study and how many chapters or questions you want to cover each day. Make sure that you stick to your plan.

Step 4: Read these topics from NCERT textbooks

Before going to any other online/ offline materials, read topics from your NCERT textbooks and try to attempt some questions. By doing this you will easily understand what you need to study and where you need to focus and after that watch online videos. With this simple technique, you can easily maximize your online learning. Once you finish the textbook questions, go for extra- questions and previous question papers.

Step 5: Search for mind maps, images, and infographics and make your- own mind- maps

Watching videos will help with a better understanding of the topics. But mind maps, images and infographics are simple illustrations that are helpful to your brain and help you to memorize topics easily. Plenty of mind maps and infographics are available online. In some cases, these infographics and mind maps are more useful for understanding the topics, when compared to short videos. If proper mind maps are not available, you can create your- own mind maps from learning about the topic. These will help you during your revisions.

Step 6: Look for easier memorization techniques to learn difficult topics

Many students feel difficulty in memorizing various topics. For example, in Chemistry, students often feel difficulty in memorizing elements of different groups & periods of a Periodic Table. There are many video tutorials available online with which students can easily memorize important topics or concepts for a long time.

Step 7: Honestly attempt all the exercises and then cross-check your solutions online

Practising with pen and paper is extremely important for concrete learning. After going through videos, if you will not practise or solve exercises then all your efforts will go in vain. To gain maximum knowledge students must solve exercises given in the NCERT textbooks.

Step 8: Make notes with pen and paper besides using note-making apps

Nowadays, there are note-making apps available online like Microsoft OneNote, Google Keep etc. with which you can easily create and synchronize notes on laptops, mobiles, or desktop. But students taking notes with pen and paper tend to memorize for a longer time.

Step 9: Keep revising topics from time to time

Revision plays an important role while doing studies. Most of the students tend to forget what they have studied after some time. This problem can be easily solved by going through your notes several times. With the frequent revision, you can easily memorize topics for a longer period. While self-studying, students can take mock tests and quizzes available online to evaluate their knowledge in the subject/topic. Ask your parents or siblings to quiz you on topics that you have studied.

Step 10: Read more than textbooks

When you have finished reading and solving problems in your textbook, you can go for other extra readings on the topics from different guides and online sources. It will increase your knowledge about a particular topic. Also reading a newspaper every day will help your reading and comprehension skills. It will also help you learn new words or facts that you may not be aware of. Make sure you update yourself about the changes the ministry and other important committees are making during such a pandemic situation.


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